As Bad Information Spreads, Florida Schools Seek To Teach 'Digital Literacy'

Mar 30, 2021
Originally published on March 30, 2021 11:26 pm

At Countryside High School in Clearwater, Fla., 16-year-old Sage Waite is already taking a class in cybersecurity, and she'd welcome one that's in the works on cyber disinformation.

"For the longest time, I didn't actually know what disinformation was," said Waite, who's in the 11th grade. "There was always the idea that things could be wrong in what you're hearing and what you're being told. But the idea of misinformation and disinformation wasn't in my day-to-day."

This past year, she says, has been an eye-opener. Particularly the COVID-19 pandemic.

"The whole, 'Don't get your kids vaccinated because it could cause all sorts of things,' stuff like that. It's like, well, where did that come from?" she said. "My friends and I definitely started looking into stuff more and doing more research after that."

A new program on "digital literacy," with a focus on topics like disinformation, is in the pipeline, thanks in part to Mike McConnell. His long career in national security included one stint as the director of national intelligence (2007-'09) and another as head of the National Security Agency (1992-'96).

At age 77, McConnell is now working to combat false information aimed at young people.

"We need to understand this so we can appreciate what's happening to us, and be able to not only understand it, to be able to navigate through it," McConnell said. "That's what I call digital literacy."

McConnell is executive director of Cyber Florida, which is based at the University of South Florida in Tampa. The group works with kids throughout the state at universities, high schools, and even those in younger grades.

Expanding the program

Cyber Florida helped set up the cybersecurity program now being taught at many Florida schools. The new project, Cyber Citizenship, is even more ambitious.

"We think if we can do this for Florida, we can replicate it across the nation," he said.

Separating fact from fiction online is a major challenge for the country as a whole, as evidenced by the swirling claims surrounding last year's presidential election and the ongoing pandemic.

Yet schools nationwide are still trying to figure out how to teach digital skills to a younger generation that increasingly lives, studies and plays online.

At Countryside High School, computer teacher Jason Felt stresses that he steers clear of politics, but does have informal discussions on how disinformation is weaponized.

The cybersecurity class at Countryside High School in Clearwater, Fla., tends to attract students who already have a strong interest in computers. A broader program is being designed to teach 'cyber citizenship' to all students. This video is from March 2019.
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"One of the things I've talked to my students about are nation-state actors, and how nation-state actors try to attack the United States, create websites, web servers, and that people will pass the information around," he said.

The U.S. intelligence community found that in both the 2020 and 2016 elections, Russia employed a range of online methods in an attempt to help former President Donald Trump, and undermine his Democratic rivals, Hillary Clinton and President Biden.

Felt said he mostly teaches kids who already have good computer skills, and some are preparing for a career in the tech industry.

Teaching all grades

The expanded program now in the works aims to make digital literacy something all Florida students get, at several grade levels, before they finish high school.

Another key partner in this project is New America. The Washington think tank is curating dozens of the most promising online tools and building a site designed to be user-friendly for teachers, parents and school systems nationwide.

"What we want to do with this project is create a one stop-shop, a searchable database," said Lisa Guernsey, head of the Teaching, Learning, & Tech program at New America. "We're designing it for Florida educators first. But from the beginning, we'll also make sure it's open to all educators across the country."

New America plans to have this portal up on its website by summer. Teachers and school districts could search for the material that best suits their needs, Guernsey said.

"Sometimes a teacher may just want to help students understand what deep fakes are," she said. "In other cases, a teacher may want to spend several weeks talking about what it means to verify sources."

There's no date yet for the cyber disinformation classes in Florida, but teacher Jason Felt says it can't come soon enough.

"The Internet is a wonderful tool. It's connected us in a way that's never really been seen before. But it's a blessing and it's also a curse."

Teaching students the difference, he says, is a huge challenge.


The partners for the Cyber Citizenship project are in the process of compiling a full database of online resources. So far, they say, they will likely include resources such as Checkology, Learn to Discern, Breaking Harmony Square, and COR: Civic Online Reasoning.

Follow Greg Myre @gregmyre1.

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Think of all the disinformation online over, say, the presidential election or the COVID-19 pandemic. It's hard enough for adults to sift through all that. So how are kids supposed to navigate the cyber landscape? In Florida, some schools are teaching digital literacy under a program inspired in part by a former director of national intelligence. NPR's Greg Myre has the story.

GREG MYRE, BYLINE: At Countryside High School in Clearwater, Fla., 16-year-old Sage Waite is already taking a class in cyber security, and she'd welcome a new class in cyber disinformation.

SAGE WAITE: Well, for the longest time, I didn't actually know what disinformation was. Like, there was always the idea that things could be wrong in what you're hearing and what you're being told, but the idea of misinformation and disinformation wasn't in my day to day.

MYRE: This past year, she says, has been an eye-opener, particularly the COVID pandemic.

WAITE: The whole, oh, don't get your kids vaccinated because it could cause all sorts of things, stuff like that, like, those bigger things, it's like, where did that come from?

MYRE: A new program on improving digital literacy is now in the works, thanks in part to Mike McConnell. His long career in national security included a stint as the director of National Intelligence. At age 77, he's now focused on combating bad information aimed at young people.

MIKE MCCONNELL: We need to understand this so we can understand and appreciate what's happening to us and be able to not only understand it, to be able to navigate through it. That's what I call digital literacy.

MYRE: McConnell is the executive director of Cyber Florida, which is based at the University of South Florida in Tampa. It works with kids throughout the state at universities, high schools and even those in younger grades. McConnell's group set up the cyber security program now being taught at Florida schools. The new project is even more ambitious.

MCCONNELL: And we think if we can do this for Florida, we can replicate it across the nation.

MYRE: Separating fact from fiction online is a major challenge for the country. We saw this in the swirling claims surrounding the presidential election and with the ongoing pandemic. Yet schools are still trying to figure out how to teach digital skills to students who increasingly live, study and play online. At Countryside High School, computer teacher Jason Felt already has informal discussions on how disinformation is weaponized, like Russian interference in the U.S. elections.

JASON FELT: One of the things that I've talked to my students about are nation-state actors and how nation-state actors try to attack the United States, create websites, Web servers, that people will visit on through social media, pass the information around.

MYRE: Felt says he mostly teaches kids who already have good computer skills. The expanded program will try to make digital literacy something all students get at several grade levels. Another key partner in this project is New America. The Washington think tank is curating dozens of the most promising online tools and building a site designed to be user-friendly for teachers, parents and school systems nationwide. Lisa Guernsey is with New America.

LISA GUERNSEY: Sometimes a teacher may just want to help students understand what deepfakes are. In other cases, a teacher may want to spend several weeks talking about what it means to verify sources.

MYRE: New America plans to have this portal up and running by summer. There's no date yet for the new classes in Florida, but teacher Jason Felt says it can't come soon enough.

FELT: The Internet is a wonderful tool. It's fantastic. It's connected all of us together in a way that's never really been seen before. But it's a blessing, and it's also a curse.

MYRE: Teaching students the difference, he says, is a huge challenge. Greg Myre, NPR News.

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